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The Best Nature Parks in Castilla y León, Spain

Spectacular high mountains, mystical caves, gorges and wide valleys - the special landscape in Spain is enchanting. In special nature parks you can admire the beauty of the country.

February 2, 2023

Spain is not only known for vibrant cities like Barcelona or Madrid, but also for its incomparable Mediterranean landscape, which is a haven for quite a few aquatic and terrestrial animals. In the country's 16 national parks and other regional nature parks, the protection of biodiversity and flora is a top priority. Visitors and vacationers get to experience this beautiful spot on extensive hiking tours on trails.


Impressive mountain ranges meet steep gorges and abysses, in the wide valleys lie beautiful rivers and lakes - no region in Spain is as diverse as Castile-León, which is located in the north of the country and on the border with Portugal. Also quite a few animals, like brown bears, partridges and others count Castile-León as their habitat. These nature parks in the region are definitely worth a visit:

Nature Parks in Castilla y León

Los Argüellos Biosphere Reserve

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Vegacervera, Léon
Size: 33.26 hectare
Special features: numerous caves, gorges, karst formations, high mountain ecosystem near the sea
Wildlife: Habitat of brown bears (endangered), partridges, hare species Lepus castroviejoi.
Photo spots:
Caves, such as Valporquero, Llamazares or Barredo 

Babia Biosphere Reserve

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San Emiliano, Léon
Size: 38.02 hectare
Special features: unique high mountain landscape with rock formations, spectacular canyons, extensive valleys and pastures, rivers (the Sil) and glacial lakes (e.g. Las Verdes lagoon)
Wildlife: habitat of brown bears (threatened with extinction), partridges, hare species Lepus castroviejoi, partly grazing animal.
Photo spots: Quiñones Palace in Riolago and the manor houses in Villasecino and Lago de Babia.

Arribes del Duero

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Sobradillo, Salamanca
Size: 106.1 hectares
Features: 100-kilometer-long Duero River narrows, gorges, ditches, altitude differences of up to 500 meters, microclimate with warmer temperatures.
Wildlife: habitat of golden eagles and black storks
Photo spots: Viewpoints like El Fraile or Picón de Felipe, the impressive 50 meter high waterfall Pozo de los Humos.

Sierra de Urbión y Laguna Negra

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Laguna Negra, Soria
Size: 4.62 hectares
Features: small lake, streams, forests and pastures created by glacial ice masses, peak of Urbión (2,228 meters), origin of the river Duero, bird sanctuary
Wildlife: Habitat of squirrels, martens, foxes, weasels, badgers, deer, roe deer and wild boar.
Photo spots: Urbión peak, the granite rock walls

Natural Park Lago de Sanabria

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Size: 22,365 hectares 
Features: mountainous terrain, deep valleys, numerous glacial lagoons, Lake of Sanabria (318 hectares).
Wildlife: Habitat of 76 species of birds and 17 species of large mammals, especially the partridge and the wolf
Photo spots: The village of Mercado del Puente

Natural Park Fuentes Carrionas y Fuente Cobre-Montana Palentina

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Cervera de Pisuerga, Palencia 
Size: 78.36 hectares
Special features: impressive peaks over 2500 meters, steep gorges, deep valleys, glacial lakes
Wildlife: Brown bears, but also capercaillies, wolves, deer and nutrias.
Photo spots: Route of the Romanesque in the city of Palencia

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